Endophytic bacteria in plants pdf Nelson

endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

Endophytic bacteria List of High Impact Articles PPts Oct 01, 2008В В· The bacterial species reported in this work have been described as providing benefits to host plants. Therefore, we suggest that endophytic bacteria can be transmitted vertically from seeds to seedlings, assuring the support of the bacterial community in the host plant.

International journal of Horticulture Agriculture and

DETECTION OF SIDEROPHORES IN THE ENDOPHYTIC. Oct 01, 2008В В· The bacterial species reported in this work have been described as providing benefits to host plants. Therefore, we suggest that endophytic bacteria can be transmitted vertically from seeds to seedlings, assuring the support of the bacterial community in the host plant., can reduce the growth of the harmful bacteria in plants by different mode of action. KEYWORDS : Endophytic fungi, medicinal plants, phytochemicals, antibacterial activity. INTRODUCTION Fungi are group of organism having a great biodiversity. They are the second largest group after insects and key.

Endophytic bacteria represents a unique class of bacteria that can colonize interior tissues of plant and provide a range of benefits to the plant similar to those provided by the rhizospheric bacteria. Certain endophytic bacteria can provide nitrogen to the plants through biological nitrogen fixation, which is an important source of nitrogen input in agriculture and represents a promising plants for their potential as a source of new antibiotics 7, 8, 9. Endophytic bacteria are those live symbiotically with the inside plant tissues without any representation of apparent infection or adverse effect on their host 10. Plant endophytic bacteria have been …

Virtually all plants are inhabited by diverse bacteria known as endophytes. Endophytic bacteria are referred to as those which can be detected at a particular moment within the tissues of apparently healthy plant hosts (Hallmann et al. 1997; Schulz and Boyle, 2006). Most of the endophytes colonize different compartments of the plant apoplast, May 01, 2002В В· Our research goal was to determine the prevalence, properties, persistence, and types of endophytic bacteria in agronomic and native plants. In this study, 853 different endophytic colonizing bacterial strains were isolated from four agronomic crop species and 27 prairie plant species.

So far we discussed the direct metabolic potential of endophytic bacteria. However, two other indirect ways exist, how endophytic bacteria play a role for the metabolic potential of plants (for a schematic overview see Figure 2). First, bacterial endophytes may strongly influence the performance, growth and stress tolerance of plants [16, 53, 54 Apr 07, 2018 · The term “endophytes” includes a family of microorganisms that grow intra-and/or intercellularly in the tissues of higher plants without any symptoms on the plants in which they reside. In the present investigation ten medicinal plants were analyzed for the presence of endophytic fungi. A total of 25 fungal species were isolated from healthy leaves and identified based on the morphology of

These figures suggest that many endophytic bacteria may be attached to vessel walls and that the majority are fastidious. There was no significant difference in the number of endophytic bacteria found in two grape varieties, Michurinetz and Marechal Foch. There was a … plants in which the bacteria are protected from the rhizosphere and from excessive oxygen which inhibits nitrogen fixation (Figure 5). Because appropriate plants for colonization are not always available, Gram-negative PGPB (nonsporeforming bacteria) have developed mechanisms that allow them to survive in the absence of a host.

PDF In recent years, bioactive compounds are in high demand in the pharmaceuticals and naturopathy, due to their health benefits to human and plants. Endophytic bacteria: a new source of Isolation and characterization of endophytic bacteria of coffee plants and their potential in caffeine degradation F. V. Nunes & I. S. de Melo Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology, Embrapa Environment JaguariГЇma, SP, Brazil Abstract The plant kingdom is colonized by a diverse array of endophytic bacteria, which form a non-pathogenic

Endophytic bacteria are defined as bacteria detected inside surface-sterilized plants or extracted from inside plants and having no visibly harmful effects on the plants. Various kinds of endophytic bacteria, such as Pantoea, Methylo-bacterium, These plants were selected based on its medicinal values such as antimicrobial, antitumor and antimutagenic properties. 2.2 Isolation of Endophytic Microorganism The organism used in this study was isolated as endophyte from the leaves and stems of the medicinal plants of Terminalia arjuna, Catharanthus roseus and Azadirachta indica. The

May 01, 2002В В· Our research goal was to determine the prevalence, properties, persistence, and types of endophytic bacteria in agronomic and native plants. In this study, 853 different endophytic colonizing bacterial strains were isolated from four agronomic crop species and 27 prairie plant species. Jul 28, 2014В В· Consequently, studies on the endophytic bacteria of plants from different ecosystems (mangroves, for example) offer a great opportunity to discover new compounds and resources with biotechnological potential that can be exploited (Sivaramakrishnan et al. 2006).

endophytic bacterium from CVC-symptomatic citrus plants (Citrus sinensis). Recently, an interaction between Methylobacterium species and Xf was strongly indicated (AraГєjo et al., 2002; Lacava et al., 2004). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Methylobacterium spp., isolated as citrus endophytic bacteria (AraГєjo et betel plants [10], Annona squamosa [11], cloves plants cloves [12]. Endophytic bacteria are bacteria living in host tissue without causing symptoms (Bhore and Sathisha 2010). Endophytic bacteria are known to produce antibacterial active compounds [9]. The aim of this study was to know the ability of endophytic bacteria isolates obtained from

Impact of Endophytic Microorganisms on Plants Environment. These figures suggest that many endophytic bacteria may be attached to vessel walls and that the majority are fastidious. There was no significant difference in the number of endophytic bacteria found in two grape varieties, Michurinetz and Marechal Foch. There was a …, Mar 29, 2019 · Download PDF ReadCube EPUB XML (NLM) endophytic Gram-positive bacteria help plants to better survive under biotic and abiotic stress conditions. It is not random that many endophytic Gram-positive have been isolated from medicinal plants from all over the world. In fact, many reports of endophytic Gram-positive bacteria showing such.

The diversity of citrus endophytic bacteria and their

endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

BACTERIA Bashan Foundation. Mar 29, 2019В В· Download PDF ReadCube EPUB XML (NLM) endophytic Gram-positive bacteria help plants to better survive under biotic and abiotic stress conditions. It is not random that many endophytic Gram-positive have been isolated from medicinal plants from all over the world. In fact, many reports of endophytic Gram-positive bacteria showing such, maintain stable symbiosis, endophytes produce several compounds that promote growth of plants and help them adapt better to the environment [17].Some of the endophytes are known to protect their host from being attacked by fungi, insect and mammals by producing secondary metabolites (Zhang, 2007). Among them, endophytic bacteria.

Endophytic bacteria in the rice plant.. Isolation, Identification and Screening of Endophytic Bacteria Antagonistic to Biofilm Formers Hira Muzzamal, Rabbia Sarwar, Imran Sajid and Shahida Hasnain* Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan Abstract.-An array of 76 endophytic bacterial isolates obtained, Endophytic bacteria represents a unique class of bacteria that can colonize interior tissues of plant and provide a range of benefits to the plant similar to those provided by the rhizospheric bacteria. Certain endophytic bacteria can provide nitrogen to the plants through biological nitrogen fixation, which is an important source of nitrogen input in agriculture and represents a promising.

ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ENDOPHYTIC BACTERIA

endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

Impact of Endophytic Microorganisms on Plants Environment. plants for their potential as a source of new antibiotics 7, 8, 9. Endophytic bacteria are those live symbiotically with the inside plant tissues without any representation of apparent infection or adverse effect on their host 10. Plant endophytic bacteria have been … https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endophyte Endophytes are microorganisms (bacteria or fungi or actinomycetes) that dwell within robust plant tissues by having a symbiotic association. They are ubiquitously associated with almost all plants studied till date. Some commonly found endophytes are those belonging to the genera Enterobacter sp., Colletotrichum sp., Phomopsis sp., Phyllosticta sp., Cladosporium sp., and so forth..

endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

  • Isolation characterization and identification of
  • ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI
  • Isolation and characterization of endophytic bacteria

  • These figures suggest that many endophytic bacteria may be attached to vessel walls and that the majority are fastidious. There was no significant difference in the number of endophytic bacteria found in two grape varieties, Michurinetz and Marechal Foch. There was a … can reduce the growth of the harmful bacteria in plants by different mode of action. KEYWORDS : Endophytic fungi, medicinal plants, phytochemicals, antibacterial activity. INTRODUCTION Fungi are group of organism having a great biodiversity. They are the second largest group after insects and key

    Medicinal plants are known to harbor endophytic fungi that are believed to be associated with the production of pharmaceutical products.11 Therefore, it is important to explore endophytic mycoflora in the medicinal plants. The present study was carried out to isolate, identify and test antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi which Bacteria are known to be associated endophytically with plants. Research on endophytic bacteria has identified their importance in food safety, agricultural production and phytoremediation. However, the diversity of endophytic bacterial communities and the forces that shape their compositions in non-cultivated plants are largely uncharacterized.

    pathogens. Little information is available regarding the effect of endophytic bacteria on plant parasitic nematodes. The objectives Of this study were to evaluate and characterize the biocontrol activity Of endophytic bacteria isolated from and applied to tomato on gall formation caused by Meloidogvne incognita and to study the internal Jul 28, 2014В В· Consequently, studies on the endophytic bacteria of plants from different ecosystems (mangroves, for example) offer a great opportunity to discover new compounds and resources with biotechnological potential that can be exploited (Sivaramakrishnan et al. 2006).

    The diversity of citrus endophytic bacteria and their interactions with Xylella fastidiosaand host plants JoГЈo LГєcio Azevedo1, Welington Luiz AraГєjo2 and Paulo Teixeira Lacava3 1Departamento de GenГ©tica, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Universidade de SГЈo Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil. Medicinal plants are known to harbor potential endophytic microbes, due to their bioactive compounds. In a first study of ongoing research, endophytic bacteria were isolated from two medicinal plants, Hypericum perforatum and Ziziphora capitata with contrasting antimicrobial activities from the Chatkal Biosphere Reserve of Uzbekistan, and their plant-specific traits involved in biocontrol and

    Endophytic bacteria are defined as bacteria detected inside surface-sterilized plants or extracted from inside plants and having no visibly harmful effects on the plants. Various kinds of endophytic bacteria, such as Pantoea, Methylobacterium, Azospirillum, Herbaspirillum, Burkholderia and Rhizobium etc., have been found inside rice plants. PDF In recent years, bioactive compounds are in high demand in the pharmaceuticals and naturopathy, due to their health benefits to human and plants. Endophytic bacteria: a new source of

    These plants were selected based on its medicinal values such as antimicrobial, antitumor and antimutagenic properties. 2.2 Isolation of Endophytic Microorganism The organism used in this study was isolated as endophyte from the leaves and stems of the medicinal plants of Terminalia arjuna, Catharanthus roseus and Azadirachta indica. The general, endophytes are fungi and bacteria that play important roles in the environmental adaptation process of plants (Mendes and Azevedo, 2007). Plants are considered complex microecosystems in which different niches can be ex-ploited by an extensive variety of microorganisms, including endophytes (Azevedo et al., 2000).

    Feb 26, 2015В В· Nevertheless, these associations could be beneficial for germination and seedling establishment as seed endophytic bacteria are already present in these very early plant growth stages. Moreover, bacteria with beneficial characteristics can be selected by the plants and could be transferred via the seed to benefit the next generation. enter from soil into host plants and quickly cover the intracellular spaces of plants and cause infectious symptoms. Endophytic bacteria colonization in plants Bacteria enter into plant and form colonies this procedure is studied by advanced technological tool Auto fluorescent protein (AFP) method (Larrainzar

    Apr 07, 2018 · The term “endophytes” includes a family of microorganisms that grow intra-and/or intercellularly in the tissues of higher plants without any symptoms on the plants in which they reside. In the present investigation ten medicinal plants were analyzed for the presence of endophytic fungi. A total of 25 fungal species were isolated from healthy leaves and identified based on the morphology of Two general types of soil bacteria have been shown to have the capacity to act as PGPB; rhizospheric bacteria, that are typically found around the roots of plants; and endophytic bacteria (Lacava and Azevedo, 2013), that are found within the tissues of the plant itself (notwithstanding the fact that endophytic bacteria may also be found free

    endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

    So far we discussed the direct metabolic potential of endophytic bacteria. However, two other indirect ways exist, how endophytic bacteria play a role for the metabolic potential of plants (for a schematic overview see Figure 2). First, bacterial endophytes may strongly influence the performance, growth and stress tolerance of plants [16, 53, 54 bacteria; the concentrations of the latter organisms range from 7.0 to 10.0 log 10 CFU/g (fresh weight) of tissue in susceptible infected plants (15, 45). Our research goal was to determine the prevalence, proper-ties, persistence, and types of endophytic bacteria in agronomic and native plants. In this study, 853 different endophytic colo-

    Isolation characterization and identification of

    endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

    Nitrogen-Fixation by Endophytic Bacteria in Agricultural. pathogens. Little information is available regarding the effect of endophytic bacteria on plant parasitic nematodes. The objectives Of this study were to evaluate and characterize the biocontrol activity Of endophytic bacteria isolated from and applied to tomato on gall formation caused by Meloidogvne incognita and to study the internal, Medicinal plants are known to harbor potential endophytic microbes, due to their bioactive compounds. In a first study of ongoing research, endophytic bacteria were isolated from two medicinal plants, Hypericum perforatum and Ziziphora capitata with contrasting antimicrobial activities from the Chatkal Biosphere Reserve of Uzbekistan, and their plant-specific traits involved in biocontrol and.

    ISOLATION AND SCREENING OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI FROM

    Molecular Identification of Endophytic Bacteria from The. Bacteria are known to be associated endophytically with plants. Research on endophytic bacteria has identified their importance in food safety, agricultural production and phytoremediation. However, the diversity of endophytic bacterial communities and the forces that shape their compositions in non-cultivated plants are largely uncharacterized., The diversity of citrus endophytic bacteria and their interactions with Xylella fastidiosaand host plants JoГЈo LГєcio Azevedo1, Welington Luiz AraГєjo2 and Paulo Teixeira Lacava3 1Departamento de GenГ©tica, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Universidade de SГЈo Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil..

    Endophytes are microorganisms (bacteria or fungi or actinomycetes) that dwell within robust plant tissues by having a symbiotic association. They are ubiquitously associated with almost all plants studied till date. Some commonly found endophytes are those belonging to the genera Enterobacter sp., Colletotrichum sp., Phomopsis sp., Phyllosticta sp., Cladosporium sp., and so forth. can reduce the growth of the harmful bacteria in plants by different mode of action. KEYWORDS : Endophytic fungi, medicinal plants, phytochemicals, antibacterial activity. INTRODUCTION Fungi are group of organism having a great biodiversity. They are the second largest group after insects and key

    endophytic bacteria with plant growth promotion and biocontrol abilities. Aims were as follows: 1. To isolate endophytic bacteria from different plants of agricultural and horticultural importance 2. To characterize potential plant-beneficial traits of the isolated endophytes 3. endophytic bacteria with plant growth promotion and biocontrol abilities. Aims were as follows: 1. To isolate endophytic bacteria from different plants of agricultural and horticultural importance 2. To characterize potential plant-beneficial traits of the isolated endophytes 3.

    Virtually all plants are inhabited by diverse bacteria known as endophytes. Endophytic bacteria are referred to as those which can be detected at a particular moment within the tissues of apparently healthy plant hosts (Hallmann et al. 1997; Schulz and Boyle, 2006). Most of the endophytes colonize different compartments of the plant apoplast, Medicinal plants are known to harbor potential endophytic microbes, due to their bioactive compounds. In a first study of ongoing research, endophytic bacteria were isolated from two medicinal plants, Hypericum perforatum and Ziziphora capitata with contrasting antimicrobial activities from the Chatkal Biosphere Reserve of Uzbekistan, and their plant-specific traits involved in biocontrol and

    plants in which the bacteria are protected from the rhizosphere and from excessive oxygen which inhibits nitrogen fixation (Figure 5). Because appropriate plants for colonization are not always available, Gram-negative PGPB (nonsporeforming bacteria) have developed mechanisms that allow them to survive in the absence of a host. endophytic bacterium from CVC-symptomatic citrus plants (Citrus sinensis). Recently, an interaction between Methylobacterium species and Xf was strongly indicated (AraГєjo et al., 2002; Lacava et al., 2004). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Methylobacterium spp., isolated as citrus endophytic bacteria (AraГєjo et

    The main out carefully to avoid the contamination.6 objective of this first phase of the study was to understand types To isolate endophytic bacteria, plant tissue samples were inoc- of endophytic bacteria associated with dicot and monocot plant ulated aseptically in the … Mar 29, 2019 · Download PDF ReadCube EPUB XML (NLM) endophytic Gram-positive bacteria help plants to better survive under biotic and abiotic stress conditions. It is not random that many endophytic Gram-positive have been isolated from medicinal plants from all over the world. In fact, many reports of endophytic Gram-positive bacteria showing such

    Endophytic bacteria are defined as bacteria detected inside surface-sterilized plants or extracted from inside plants and having no visibly harmful effects on the plants. Various kinds of endophytic bacteria, such as Pantoea, Methylo-bacterium, However, pathogens and saprophytes may also be endophytic at some point of their life cycle. Endophytes are distinct from mycorrhizal fungi or rhizosphere microbes in that they live entirely within the plant. Most endophytes known are bacteria or fungi, although there are …

    The presence of bacteria in the internal tissues of healthy plants has largely been ignored in the past, although in the last fifty years more and more isolations of microorganisms from plant roots, leaves, stems and even spikes and seeds, have been reported. Little is … May 01, 2002 · Our research goal was to determine the prevalence, properties, persistence, and types of endophytic bacteria in agronomic and native plants. In this study, 853 different endophytic colonizing bacterial strains were isolated from four agronomic crop species and 27 prairie plant species.

    DETECTION OF SIDEROPHORES IN THE ENDOPHYTIC

    endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

    ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ENDOPHYTIC BACTERIA. maintain stable symbiosis, endophytes produce several compounds that promote growth of plants and help them adapt better to the environment [17].Some of the endophytes are known to protect their host from being attacked by fungi, insect and mammals by producing secondary metabolites (Zhang, 2007). Among them, endophytic bacteria, Sep 14, 2017В В· Endophytic inoculation of the plants modulates the synthesis of bioactive compounds with high pharmaceutical properties besides promoting growth of the plants. Hydrolases, the extracellular enzymes, produced by endophytic bacteria, help the plants to establish systemic resistance against pathogens invasion..

    Isolation characterization and identification of. However, pathogens and saprophytes may also be endophytic at some point of their life cycle. Endophytes are distinct from mycorrhizal fungi or rhizosphere microbes in that they live entirely within the plant. Most endophytes known are bacteria or fungi, although there are …, water stress conditions. The endophytic bacteria were then evaluated for their effect on seed germination, seedling vigour under osmotic stress conditions. Our outcome suggests that endophytic bacteria can be used in agriculture to reduce water stress in plants in an eco-friendly manner. Materials and Methods Endophytic bacteria.

    BACTERIA Bashan Foundation

    endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

    (PDF) Endophytic Bacteria in the Rice Plant Subhadeep. prominence is that re-introduction of endophytic bacteria does not affect the indigenous bacterial populations within host plants, unlike the introduction of PGPR in soil which causes an exemplar shift in the soil microbial community [13]. Nutritional Benefits by Endophytic Bacteria Endophytic microbes endow hosts with a diversity https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhizobia Endophytic bacteria are defined as bacteria detected inside surface-sterilized plants or extracted from inside plants and having no visibly harmful effects on the plants. Various kinds of endophytic bacteria, such as Pantoea, Methylobacterium, Azospirillum, Herbaspirillum, Burkholderia and Rhizobium etc., have been found inside rice plants..

    endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

  • International journal of Horticulture Agriculture and
  • Minireview Endophytic Bacteria in the Rice Plant
  • Endophytic bacteria List of High Impact Articles PPts
  • DETECTION OF SIDEROPHORES IN THE ENDOPHYTIC

  • These plants were selected based on its medicinal values such as antimicrobial, antitumor and antimutagenic properties. 2.2 Isolation of Endophytic Microorganism The organism used in this study was isolated as endophyte from the leaves and stems of the medicinal plants of Terminalia arjuna, Catharanthus roseus and Azadirachta indica. The PDF In recent years, bioactive compounds are in high demand in the pharmaceuticals and naturopathy, due to their health benefits to human and plants. Endophytic bacteria: a new source of

    Mar 29, 2019В В· Download PDF ReadCube EPUB XML (NLM) endophytic Gram-positive bacteria help plants to better survive under biotic and abiotic stress conditions. It is not random that many endophytic Gram-positive have been isolated from medicinal plants from all over the world. In fact, many reports of endophytic Gram-positive bacteria showing such Isolation, Identification and Screening of Endophytic Bacteria Antagonistic to Biofilm Formers Hira Muzzamal, Rabbia Sarwar, Imran Sajid and Shahida Hasnain* Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan Abstract.-An array of 76 endophytic bacterial isolates obtained

    plants for their potential as a source of new antibiotics 7, 8, 9. Endophytic bacteria are those live symbiotically with the inside plant tissues without any representation of apparent infection or adverse effect on their host 10. Plant endophytic bacteria have been … endophytic bacteria with plant growth promotion and biocontrol abilities. Aims were as follows: 1. To isolate endophytic bacteria from different plants of agricultural and horticultural importance 2. To characterize potential plant-beneficial traits of the isolated endophytes 3.

    May 01, 2002 · Our research goal was to determine the prevalence, properties, persistence, and types of endophytic bacteria in agronomic and native plants. In this study, 853 different endophytic colonizing bacterial strains were isolated from four agronomic crop species and 27 prairie plant species. The presence of bacteria in the internal tissues of healthy plants has largely been ignored in the past, although in the last fifty years more and more isolations of microorganisms from plant roots, leaves, stems and even spikes and seeds, have been reported. Little is …

    These plants were selected based on its medicinal values such as antimicrobial, antitumor and antimutagenic properties. 2.2 Isolation of Endophytic Microorganism The organism used in this study was isolated as endophyte from the leaves and stems of the medicinal plants of Terminalia arjuna, Catharanthus roseus and Azadirachta indica. The plants for their potential as a source of new antibiotics 7, 8, 9. Endophytic bacteria are those live symbiotically with the inside plant tissues without any representation of apparent infection or adverse effect on their host 10. Plant endophytic bacteria have been …

    endophytic bacteria with plant growth promotion and biocontrol abilities. Aims were as follows: 1. To isolate endophytic bacteria from different plants of agricultural and horticultural importance 2. To characterize potential plant-beneficial traits of the isolated endophytes 3. Endophytic bacteria are defined as bacteria detected inside surface-sterilized plants or extracted from inside plants and having no visibly harmful effects on the plants. Various kinds of endophytic bacteria, such as Pantoea, Methylo-bacterium,

    Bacteria and phytoremediation: new uses for endophytic bacteria in plants Lee A. Newman1 and Charles M. Reynolds2 1University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA 2US Army Engineer Research Development Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, 72 Lyme Road, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-1290, USA Endophytic bacteria are defined as bacteria that can be isolated from surface-disinfected plant tissues or extracted from within plants and are not observed to harm the host plants1. Endophytic bacteria have been isolated from the flowers, fruits, leaves, stems, roots and seeds of various plant species2 and have

    endophytic bacteria in plants pdf

    general, endophytes are fungi and bacteria that play important roles in the environmental adaptation process of plants (Mendes and Azevedo, 2007). Plants are considered complex microecosystems in which different niches can be ex-ploited by an extensive variety of microorganisms, including endophytes (Azevedo et al., 2000). Apr 07, 2018 · The term “endophytes” includes a family of microorganisms that grow intra-and/or intercellularly in the tissues of higher plants without any symptoms on the plants in which they reside. In the present investigation ten medicinal plants were analyzed for the presence of endophytic fungi. A total of 25 fungal species were isolated from healthy leaves and identified based on the morphology of

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